Since the final day of December in 2019 (when COVID-19 was first reported) we didn’t know rather a lot in regards to the virus, the way it presents and the way it performs out within the physique. But specialists have finished tons extra analysis since then, and whereas we nonetheless don’t have all of the solutions, we’ve greater than we did earlier than. This consists of the record of signs related to the virus.
While the important thing signs stay fever, dry cough, shortness of breath and fatigue – the record has turn into rather a lot longer than this. As extra folks acquired contaminated, specialists have turn into conscious of the much less widespread signs that the general public ought to concentrate on.
Let’s check out among the uncommon signs of COVID-19 that try to be conscious of:
Nausea and diarrhoea
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) not too long ago up to date its record of COVID-19 signs and it now consists of nausea and diarrhoea.
This comes after a number of research discovered hyperlinks between COVID-19 an infection and the onset of those signs. One such research, which was one of many first to level out this affiliation in April, was finished by researchers from Stanford University.
“A third of the patients we studied had gastrointestinal symptoms,” Dr Alexander Podboy, co-author of the research, mentioned in an announcement.
“It’s possible that we may be missing a significant portion of patients sick with the coronavirus due to our current testing strategies focusing on respiratory symptoms alone.”
Loss of style and odor
A research printed within the Wiley Online Library discovered a hyperlink between COVID-19 sufferers with flu-like signs and the lack of style and odor (chemosensory dysfunction).
“In ambulatory individuals with influenza-like symptoms, chemosensory dysfunction was strongly associated with COVID-19 infection and should be considered when screening symptoms,” the research concluded.
“Most will recover chemosensory function within weeks, paralleling resolution of other disease-related symptoms.”
Loss of style and odor can also be included within the CDC’s not too long ago up to date record of COVID-19 signs.
Decreased alertness, issue concentrating, muscle ache
While not essentially widespread, increasingly more analysis has recommended that COVID-19 would possibly current with neurological signs earlier than the rest. One study printed within the journal JAMA checked out 214 sufferers with COVID-19. They discovered that 36.4% of them skilled neurological signs and these have been extra widespread in sufferers with extreme an infection.
A more moderen research, printed within the journal Annals of Neurology, recommended that near half of hospitalised COVID-19 sufferers skilled neurological manifestations of the virus.
“SARS-COV-2 infection may present with neurological symptoms initially before any fever, cough or respiratory problems occur,” Dr Igor Koralnik, lead creator of the research, mentioned in an announcement.
The research’s record of what neurological could possibly be included dizziness, headache, decreased alertness, issue concentrating, issues of odor and style, seizures, strokes, weak spot and muscle ache.
Skin rashes have been labelled an ‘emerging symptom of COVID-19’ by the Cleveland Clinic and whereas there hasn’t been numerous analysis finished to have a look at this hyperlink, one research discovered an affiliation.
The study, finished by dermatologists who labored with COVID-19 sufferers in Italy, discovered that 20% of the 88 sufferers they analysed developed skin-related signs. Just beneath half of the sufferers developed these signs solely after they have been hospitalised.
Some sufferers developed hives, others chickenpox-like blisters, however the most typical skin-related signs that the specialists noticed was an erythematous rash (a patchy purple rash).
“This is a first report and a first perspective of SARS-COV-2 cutaneous manifestations [so] indisputably, we need more papers to confirm and better understand skin involvement in COVID-19,” the research concluded.
Here’s the complete, up to date CDC record of COVID-19 signs:
- Fever or chills, cough, shortness of breath (issue respiratory), fatigue
- Muscle or physique aches
- New lack of style or odor
- Sore throat
- Congestion or runny nostril
- Nausea or vomiting
Note: According to the CDC, this record does not embrace all doable signs, however they are going to proceed to replace it as they study extra about COVID-19.